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Treatment of bruxism

Treatment of bruxism

Treatment of bruxism. Bruxism is a disease characterized by symptoms such as involuntary gnashing of teeth, either from excessive emotional stress or in a dream.

The cause of bruxism can be defects in the structure of the jaw, pathology of the joint. There is an erroneous opinion that such a disease as bruxism is the result of the presence of worms in the body.

According to various data, this disease manifests itself in 1-3% of the population. Nobody is immune from this disease. It occurs in both women and men, regardless of age. However, bruxism is more common in children.

The problem of bruxism is that it affects not only the teeth, muscles, joints, but also the psychological state of a person.

Important signs of bruxism, especially if this disease is started, are:

  • severe pain in the facial muscles
  • pain of the temporomandibular joint
  • erasure of teeth and their loosening, as well as their hypersensitivity
  • headache
  • pain, ringing in the ears
  • pain in the neck, back
  • daytime sleepiness
  • depression
  • eating disorders
  • vestibular dizziness
  • poor sleep
  • irritation, high sensitivity of the eyes
  • tingling in the head

The main task of treating bruxism is relaxation of the masticatory muscles.


Because of the difficulty in identifying the cause of the disease, curing bruxism is difficult. Until now, this is a problem for dentistry. Depending on the form, degree and nature of the development of bruxism, a suitable method and method of treatment is chosen. In young children, bruxism may well pass on its own. In adults, however, it requires special attention. And the earlier bruxism will be revealed, the more effective will be its treatment. Since the main cause of bruxism is everyday stress, in this case various ways of getting rid of stress can help - baths, listening to music, walking or reading books.

During sleep, a person can not control the manifestations of bruxism, so treatment is carried out using special night-time caps, which are made of rubber or soft plastic. Kaps should be worn on the teeth during the sleep period in order to prevent the erasure of teeth during night bouts of bruxism.

The kappa is produced individually on the patient's teeth impression, and then it is fitted under both dental rows in the oral cavity. Thus, during the bouts of bruxism, the dental kappa takes pressure on itself, keeping the tooth enamel. The device helps to cope with bruxism, nevertheless it does not heal completely. To reduce the convulsive activity of the muscles during sleep, sometimes the patient is prescribed the intake of drugs based on calcium, magnesium and B vitamins. If bruxism is caused by bite defects or causes them, it is necessary to have orthodontic treatment.

Tips for preventing bruxism:

  1. Take a warm bath before bedtime.
  2. Regularly apply warm moist compresses to the lower jaw (or a towel soaked in warm water), this will help reduce the tension of the chewing muscles, and also get rid of muscle pain.
  3. Minimize the presence of emotional experiences and stressful situations.
  4. Often let's rest your jaws.
  5. Occupy yourself before bedtime with something quiet (for example, listen to calm music, or read a book), avoid exciting activities before going to bed.
  6. Eat solid fruits for the night, it will tire and at the same time calm your muscles at the time of sleep; Do not eat foods rich in caffeine and carbohydrates - this causes the excitement of the body.