Treatment of a tooth cyst
Treatment of a tooth cyst. The tooth cyst is a dental disease in which a new growth appears at the apex of the root of the tooth, which is a rounded cavity in the bone tissue lined inside with a fibrous membrane and filled with pus. This disease occurs due to infection in the root canals of the tooth.
Restoring the integrity of the gums
In addition to the tooth cyst, a dangerous neoplasm, granuloma, is also isolated. Dental granuloma is an inflammation of the periodontal, which is a small, rounded formation located in the area of the dental root. This disease, as well as the cyst of the tooth is characterized by a long asymptomatic course. Granuloma is aggravated under the influence of some factors, which, as a rule, do not differ from the factors causing an exacerbation of the cyst of the tooth.
These diseases are very similar, but their nature is different. So, the cyst of the tooth has a capsule, which contains inflammatory exudate. So its outlines can be clearly seen on the radiographic image. Granuloma has no capsules and is an inflammatory focal proliferation of cells of connective tissue. Its borders are not so clearly visible in the picture.
Signs and symptoms of a tooth cyst
Often the development of the cyst is absolutely asymptomatic, or with barely noticeable symptoms: a rare slight pain when biting on the tooth or a slight soreness when pressing on the gum. In this case, the cyst is detected quite by accident - on radiographs when treating other teeth.
The main signs of cysts begin to appear already at a late stage of development of the neoplasm. The main symptoms of cysts are:
- Aching or pulling pain, which all the time only intensifies. It is difficult to get rid of it with the help of simple analgesics and folk remedies. Initially, pain can manifest itself when chewing on the tooth caused.
- The appearance of edema. When a cyst occurs, the gum around the aching tooth turns red and swells.
- High temperature appears due to infection. In the cavity of the cyst are pathogenic microbes, which the body is trying to cope with. So the patient often has a general malaise and fever. Antibiotics are used to kill the infection.
- Headaches, which most often appear during the development of the cyst in the maxillary sinus.
- Suppuration, flux and fistula are external manifestations of the already formed cyst.
It is worth noting that during periods of decreased immunity, for example, against the background of catarrhal diseases, infection in the cyst cavity worsens and activates the formation of pus. In this case, usually painful sensations appear in the inflamed area, even if no symptoms of the cyst appeared before. It may well be that the rest of the above symptoms will not keep you waiting.
Radiography is the only reliable way to find out if the patient has a cyst or not. An exception may be a picture in the border of which the tumor did not hit. Usually in this case, a new picture is taken, which completely displays the entire root system of the suspect tooth and its neighbors.
Causes of a tooth cyst
There are many reasons why there is a cyst of the tooth, here are the main ones:
- Injury of the tooth.
- Infection in the root canal due to poor-quality tooth treatment.
- Chronic diseases of the nasopharynx (sinusitis, runny nose, tonsillitis, etc.).
- Weakened immunity.
- Parodontid is an inflammation that affects the peri-toothed tissues.
- Pulpit-inflammatory disease, which affects the nerve bundle of the tooth.
- Periodontitis is an inflammatory process that affects periodontal tissues.
- Chronic inflammatory processes under the crown.
- Difficult teething of wisdom.
What is dangerous cyst of the tooth? Consequences of the disease
The cyst, not found on time, grows more and more, which leads to destruction of bone tissue and replacement of its formations from connective tissue. As a rule, complications occur at this stage, which lead to tooth loss. In addition, if a patient has an established diagnosis - a tooth cyst, and he complains of the smell of pus in the nose, this may be one of the signs of the onset of a purulent inflammatory process or a sign that the cyst has taken roots in the maxillary sinuses.
Treatment of a tooth cyst
To the therapeutic treatment, cysts include carrying out antiseptic treatment, cleaning the tooth and sealing it. An alternative option of drug therapy is the introduction of a copper-calcium suspension (Supral) into the root canal and the subsequent exposure to it of a low-power electric current - Depophoresis.
The therapeutic method of treatment is carried out due to the possibility of access through the crown part of the tooth along the root canal to the cyst. After this, the treated wound should be disinfected. To carry out this procedure, special drugs that affect the capsule of the cyst are used. Pus from the cavity is pumped out, and instead the doctor injects a special paste, which will promote the formation of new bone tissue. Only after this the root canal will be sealed, and the crown will be closed with a seal. In a few months, the patient must come to a mandatory examination, which will show the state of treatment.
Prophylaxis of a tooth cyst
There are no ways to protect yourself from a tooth cyst by 100%, but there are ways that can reduce the likelihood of such a type of tumor.
- It is worth at least twice a year to visit the dentist and not to refuse the proposed X-ray examination, especially if the doctor strongly advises him. Kista can be seen only on an X-ray.
- You need to monitor the health of your teeth. Most often, the cause of cyst formation is a chronic inflammatory process, so that any untreated caries can subsequently lead or a poor-quality seal can lead to the appearance of a tumor.
- It is necessary to avoid the occurrence of injuries to the jaw and teeth, because they can also provoke the appearance of cysts.
- All rules of oral hygiene should be observed.
- Be careful about your health. Many inflammatory diseases can lead to a weakening of the immune system, which can serve as a catalyst for the initiation of cyst formation.
If the above tips did not help, and the cyst still appeared, it is worthwhile to know that the cyst diagnosed at an early stage is subject to drug treatment, without surgical intervention and does not pose a danger to the tooth. If the cyst is found already at a later and advanced stage, our dental surgeon can offer you a resection of the tip of the root of the tooth.