Sinus lift surgery
Operation of sine-lifting. Everyone can lose their teeth at any age - students or people of middle and old age, no one is immune from this. This unpleasant process can be caused by a variety of factors - the presence of health problems, bad habits, improper oral care, injuries. Completely restore the functions of the mouth, even after the loss of one or more teeth can be with the help of implantation, but sometimes for this it is necessary to perform a sinus lift surgery.
The essence of the operation
The operation of sinus lift is indicated with insufficient thickness of bone tissue. It is performed on the upper jaw to thicken the bone. This is a rather complicated surgical operation, which necessarily requires serious preparation from the dentist. The essence of the manipulation is that the dentist uses the instrument - osteotomy, through a thin hole in the gums and bones, to push the bottom of the maxillary sinus and nasal sinus. Then the specialist clears the vacant space with a synthetic bone, and eventually it takes root.
Often the need for a sinus lift occurs when the patient has lost his tooth for a long time. As a result, there was no strain on the gum, so the bone tissue atrophied or, more simply, thinned out. In addition, in some patients the maxillary sinus is located low, and the bone height for implant placement is not sufficient.
Closed sinus lift
In the dental clinic S.I.Y. Dental, our highly qualified dentists can install an implant in parallel with the bone extension, this operation is called closed sinus-lift. Often it is carried out simultaneously with the implantation of teeth, but this becomes possible only if the bone tissue has a height of not less than a certain limit.
Open sinus lift
Open sinus lift in the clinic S.I.Y. Dental is carried out in several stages: first our doctors restore the bone, and then they are already implanting.
In addition, open sinus lift can be performed as a separate procedure without implantation. If it is required to installation artificial teeth, from the moment of the operation it should take 4-6 months, during this period sufficient amount of bone tissue is already formed.
Other types of bone plastic
In the dental clinic S.I.Y. Dental, several types of bone plastic surgery, or osteoplasty, are used, which differ from each other in the purpose of carrying out and the material used:
The method is used when it is necessary to expand the bone tissue in width, this type of transplantation uses the bone of the patient. The operation is carried out by our doctors in several stages: first the bone material is taken, and then the screw is installed with further fixation of the bone crumb and the barrier membrane. After carrying out such manipulations, the gum is usually sutured. This is one of the most optimal methods, because as with autotransplantation, implant rejection is the least likely.
- Using of a synthetic material to build up bone tissue.
Such material completely replaces bone tissue, is a powdered substance and does not cause allergic reactions.
- Barrier membranes.
They are used in the process of building up or for fixing the transplanted bone blocks. The membrane is inserted during the operation; it separates the mucosa from the bone. The use of the membrane excludes the germination of the bone in the mucosa, which is considered one of the most common complications of implantation of the teeth.
How is the rehabilitation period?
To quickly heal tissues after carrying out bone grafting, a plasma is used, which is released from the patient's blood. On average, with a successful operation without the development of any complications, the rehabilitation period is 5-7 days. In order to avoid the development of dangerous complications during the postoperative period, the patient should adhere to such recommendations as prevention:
- Sports activities, heavy physical activities, lifting of gravity, jumping, swimming are prohibited.
- Bone material can also shift as a result of strong blowing, sneezing or coughing. Specialists S.I.Y. Dental to their patients recommend to sneeze and cough very carefully, doing this with an open mouth, covering it with a handkerchief.
- Eliminate the consumption of hard, hot and cold food. You cannot drink any drinks through the tube.
These recommendations should be observed first 2-3 weeks after the sinus lift. Also, during the rehabilitation period, it is important to properly care for the gum. Compliance with the diet prescribed by the doctor will speed up the process of bone restoration and prevent the development of complications. Applying to the dental clinic S.I.Y. Dental for the operation of sinus lift or implantation you can again have beautiful teeth and a charming smile.