Electrophoresis of the teeth: what is it?
Our patients often ask about electrophoresis of the teeth: what is it, in what cases is this procedure applied and what are the contraindications to its application.
We answer: electrophoresis is a physiotherapeutic method of treatment, which consists in the introduction of a medicinal substance into the body through the use of an electric current.
In the case of electrophoresis, special medicines are used which are capable of decaying into ions under the influence of current and directing them into the body, accumulating in the diseased organ and exerting the maximum therapeutic effect on it.
Particularly effective in periodontitis is the electrophoretic injection of vitamin C and vitamin P. (use of electrophoresis of ascorbic acid (5%), vitamin P (1%), sea water, ozocerite, etc.).
The accumulation of vitamin C in the tissues of the periodontium provides normal permeability of the capillaries, improves the physiological activity of the connective tissue and promotes the formation of collagen. Vitamin P decreases vascular permeability, increases the strength of capillaries, protects ascorbic acid from destruction.
Acting on the periodontal tissue, galvanic current causes their irritation, in response to which the vessels widen. Improvement of lympho- and blood circulation, thereby reducing hypoxia, improves the trophism of periodontal tissues.
To improve the mineral metabolism and trophism of periodontal tissues, to eliminate osteoporosis of bone tissue, as well as to treat the increased sensitivity of hard tissues of teeth in periodontitis, electrophoresis of 5-10% calcium chloride, 1-2% fluoride solution and 2.5% calcium glycerophosphate solution is recommended.
With electrophoresis, the active electrodes are applied to the gingival margin through a hydrophilic pad moistened with a drug substance. A passive electrode is fixed in the arm or on the forearm. The pad of the passive electrode is wetted with tap water or an isotonic solution of sodium chloride.
The duration of the procedure is 15-20 minutes, absolute painlessness, the course of treatment is 10-15 procedures.
Also, electrophoresis is very effective in the following dental lesions:
- Sensitivity of the teeth. If you feel pain in the teeth during the reception of cold and hot drinks or food - you can talk about the sensitivity of the teeth.
- With improper care on the teeth appear cracks. Therefore, using sweet, sour, cold and too hot food, the enamel becomes very thin, and the tooth is sensitive. In this case, calcination of the teeth is performed. With the help of electrophoresis, calcium enriched tooth enamel. Electrophoresis of calcium by the course of 10-12 procedures is mandatory appointed after teeth whitening. Most often it is recommended to perform 5-6 procedures before teeth whitening and also 5-6 - after bleaching.
- With caries in the stain stage, remineralization of the tooth tissues is performed using calcium and fluorine electrophoresis. For children, 5% calcium gluconate solution is used, for adults 10% calcium gluconate solution. The exposure time is 10-15 minutes.
- Enamel hypoplasia. In the treatment of enamel hypoplasia with pronounced forms and large foci of mineralization disturbance, which is accompanied by hyperesthesia, drug electrophoresis of calcium, phosphorus, fluorine and B vitamins is used.
- Endemic fluorosis. It is recommended to perform local saturation of the tooth tissues with calcium, phosphorus, vitamins C, P, PP, group B. 10 treatments with calcium and 10 procedures with vitamin B1 are necessary for the course of treatment.
- Increased abrasion of hard tissues of teeth. This pathology is accompanied by increased sensitivity of the tooth to physical and chemical stimuli, therefore, it is prescribed electrophoresis of calcium, phosphorus, vitamins C, P, PP and group B.
- Wedge effect. Among the clinical symptoms of the disease, demineralization of enamel and hyperesthesia predominate under the influence of physical and mechanical stimuli.
Therefore, the package of therapeutic measures includes:
- electrophoresis of calcium, phosphorus, fluorine
- electrophoresis of vitamin B1 with trimecaine
- Injury of the tooth.
- Erosion of teeth is a progressive loss of enamel and dentine. To remineralize the enamel of the tooth, electrophoresis is administered with 10% calcium solution. The course of treatment - 10-15 procedures. Repeated course in a year.
- Hyperesthesia. Hyperesthesia is a symptom that accompanies many dental diseases: non-carious lesions, dental caries, periodontal disease, etc. Since the appearance of hyperesthesia is associated with a violation of the exchange of minerals, it is prescribed electrophoresis with calcium, phosphorus, fluorine.
Electrophoresis is not an independent means of treatment, but, like any method of physiotherapy, is only an additional way of restoring the organism in the presence of any diseases of the oral cavity. Therefore, the specialists of S.I.Y. Dental always offer a comprehensive solution of problems for the speedy restoration and treatment of diseases in the oral cavity.